The extraction of iron from its ore is a long and subdued process, that helps in separating the useful components from the waste materials such as slag. What happens in the Blast Furnace? The purpose of a Blast Furnace is to reduce the concentrated ore chemically to its liquid metal state. A Blast furnace is a gigantic, steel stack lined with ...
These revision notes on the extraction of iron in a blast furnace and the process of steel making and other alloys should prove useful for the new AQA, Edexcel and OCR GCSE (9–1) chemistry science courses. Metal extraction index. 1. Introduction to Metal Extraction. 2. Extraction of Iron and Steel Making (this page) 3.
Nov 25, 2012· Extraction of Iron (Blast Furnace) Extraction of Iron (Blast Furnace) ... 10.3.2 Describe the essential reactions in the extraction of iron in the blast furnace - Duration: 4:53. ChemJungle ...
The following questions are about the blast furnace and the production of iron. a) Why are hot blasts of air blown in to the blast furnace? (1 mark) b) Why is limestone added to the blast furnace? (1 mark) c) Railway lines are welded together using molten iron. The molten iron is made using the 'thermit' reaction where iron oxide is reacted with aluminium powder.
Jul 21, 2014· Iron ores are reduced by coke (carbon) in a blast furnace. The process is summarised in the diagram below. Hottest part of the furnace At the bottom of the furnace, adjacent to the hot air blast entry points, the temperature reaches around 1800ºC, and represents the hottest part of the furnace. Ascending vertically, the furnace temperature…
Blast furnace, a vertical shaft furnace that produces liquid metals by the reaction of a flow of air introduced under pressure into the bottom of the furnace with a mixture of metallic ore, coke, and flux fed into the top. Blast furnaces are used to produce pig iron from iron ore for subsequent processing into steel, and they are also employed in processing lead, copper, and other metals.
Sep 13, 2013· Extraction of Iron (Fe) from its haematite Iron is extracted by heating the iron ore with carbon in the blast furnace. Three substances are needed to enable the extraction of iron from its ore. The combined mixture is called the charge:-Haematite, iron …
Aug 03, 2011· Extracting iron from iron ore using a Blast Furnace Introduction The common ores of iron are both iron oxides, and these can be reduced to iron by heating them with carbon in the form of coke. Coke is produced by heating coal in the absence of air. ... The Blast Furnace. The heat source
A blast furnace is a type of metallurgical furnace used for smelting to produce industrial metals, generally pig iron, but also others such as lead or copper. Blast refers to the combustion air being "forced" or supplied above atmospheric pressure.. In a blast furnace, fuel (), ores, and flux are continuously supplied through the top of the furnace, while a hot blast of air (sometimes with ...
Blast furnace operation-Blast furnace Produces pig iron from iron ore and sinter. The iron oxide of ore and sinter is reduced to iron with the help of carbon monoxide(Co) which is produced inside the furnace by the action of hot air at about 1000. oC with coke.
Iron Ore Smelting Process Using Modern Blast Furnaces. Although the basic ingredients of an iron ore blast furnace has changed little over the last hundred years or so, the furnaces themselves have been modernized to improve efficiency and the purity of the iron and steel.
EXTRACTION OF IRON IN A BLAST FURNACE Iron is also below carbon in the reactivity series, so therefore carbon can be used to reduce it (note: reduction can also mean to remove the oxygen from a compound). This is done in a blast furnace.
Blasts furnaces are used for smelting during the production of metals such as iron, lead, zinc, and copper. A blast furnace works by blasting hot air up through the furnace while fuels, limestone, and ore move continuously through the top of the furnace. The method used in blast furnaces have been used since the 1500's.
3 - Extracting Iron. Contents. 1 Syllabus: 2 What does this mean? ... 5.1 explain how the methods of extraction of the metals in this section are related to their positions in the ... the main reactions involved in the extraction of iron from iron ore (Haematite), using coke, limestone and air in a blast furnace.
Extraction of Iron using blast furnace and various types of Steel: Iron ore is reduced to iron by heating them with coke (a form of carbon) in blast furnace. As mentioned earlier, common iron ores are hematite (Fe2O3) and magnetite (Fe3O4). The air blown into the bottom of the blast furnace is heated using the hot waste gases from the top.
Extraction of Metals. Extraction of Iron.. Chemistry of the blast furnace ().. Limestone is calcium carbonate (CaCO 3) and it is added to the blast furnace to remove the impurities in the iron ore. Calcium carbonate is decomposed by heat in the furnace to give calcium oxide and carbon dioxide. This is called thermal decomposition (see examples of other carbonates). ...
EXTRACTION OF IRON: The most important raw materials or ores from which iron metal extracted are oxide ores i.e. hematite (Fe2O3) or limonite (Fe2O3. 3H2O). The first stage involved in the manufacture of iron is the reduction of oxide ores in a blast furnace as given in fig. This involves the crushing of the oxide ore to produce lumps.
Iron processing: Iron processing, use of a smelting process to turn the ore into a form from which products can be fashioned. Included in this article also is a discussion of the mining of iron and of its preparation for smelting. Iron (Fe) is a relatively dense metal with …
The method. Three substances are needed to enable to extraction of iron from its ore. The combined mixture is called the charge:. Iron ore, haematite - often contains sand with iron oxide, Fe 2 O 3.. Limestone (calcium carbonate).. Coke - mainly carbon.. The charge is placed a giant chimney called a blast furnace. The blast furnace is around 30 metres high and lined with fireproof bricks.
The production of iron from its ore involves an oxidation-reduction reaction carried out in a blast furnace. Iron ore is usually a mixture of iron and vast quantities of impurities such as sand and clay referred to as gangue. The iron found in iron ores are found in the form of iron oxides.
Iron Extraction Process. In the blast furnace process, the first step on the way towards heavy plate, pig iron is produced from iron ore. The composition of the ore and additions is accurately adjusted to the final products of AG der Dillinger Hüttenwerke and Saarstahl AG.
Extraction of Metals. Extraction of Iron - The Blast Furnace. Click on a part of the picture below for further information. Links Revision Quizzes Revision Questions gcsescience.com The Periodic Table Index Metal Quiz gcsescience.com. Home GCSE Chemistry GCSE Physics
ZIMSEC O Level Combined Science Notes: Extraction of iron: The blast furnace. After iron ore is mined it is send to the blast furnace; Iron is extracted from its ore in a blast furnace . The structure of a blast furnace. Image credit s-cool.co.uk.
Extracting iron from iron ore using a Blast Furnace. The common ores of iron are both iron oxides, and these can be reduced to iron by heating them with carbon in the form of coke. Coke is produced by heating coal in the absence of air. Coke is cheap and provides both the reducing agent for the reaction and also the heat source.